ASP.NET MVC: Ajax Dialog Form Using jQuery UI


In one of my recent projects I needed to display some information, allow the user to edit it utilizing a dialog window, post the updated information and reload it for the user using Ajax. I needed to perform the named operations for multiple models so I set out to create some generic code that could be reused over and over. Below is a picture of what I am trying to accomplish.

The project used for the post below can be downloaded here.

First, the model. For this example, we will use a simple model that contains some profile information for a user.

public class Profile
{
    [Required]
    public string Name { get; set; }

    [Required]
    [StringLength(10, MinimumLength=3)]
    [Display(Name="Nick name")]
    public string NickName { get; set; }

    [Required]        
    public string Email { get; set; }

    [Required]
    public int Age { get; set; }
}

Second, we need to create three action methods. One will be used to display the profile information, another to display the form for editing the profile, and lastly another that will be used to save the edited profile object. The first two should always return a PartialView as each of these action methods will be called using Ajax and their result will be loaded into div elements; the first into a div used to display the saved profile and the second into the edit dialog. The third action method will return a PartialView if the ModelState is invalid so that the errors can be displayed to the user and a Json result indicating the save was successful if all went well. (Note that in this example I am just storing the profile information in Session but obviously this would be stored in a database or some other data store.)

public ActionResult Profile()
{
    Profile profile = new Profile();

    // Retrieve the perviously saved Profile
    if (Session["Profile"] != null)
        profile = Session["Profile"] as Profile;

    return PartialView(profile);
}

public ActionResult EditProfile()
{
    Profile profile = new Profile();

    // Retrieve the perviously saved Profile
    if (Session["Profile"] != null)
        profile = Session["Profile"] as Profile;

    return PartialView(profile);
}

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult EditProfile(Profile profile)
{
    // If the ModelState is invalid then return
    // a PartialView passing in the Profile object
    // with the ModelState errors
    if (!ModelState.IsValid)
        return PartialView("EditProfile", profile);

    // Store the Profile object and return
    // a Json result indicating the Profile 
    // has been saved
    Session["Profile"] = profile;
    return Json(new { success = true });            
}

Next we need to create the two partial views that correspond to the first two action methods we created above. In this example, the partial view for the EditProfile action is pretty much just the stock view created by the MVC frameowork except I have removed the input element to submit the form as we will use the buttons on the jQuery UI dialog to submit it.

The second partial view, the one that displays the saved Profile object again in this example is the stock view with a few added elements.

@using DialogFormExample.MvcHelpers

@model DialogFormExample.Models.Profile

<fieldset>
    <legend>Contact Info</legend>
    
    <div class="display-field">
        Name: @Html.DisplayFor(model => model.Name)
    </div>

    <div class="display-field">
        Nick name: @Html.DisplayFor(model => model.NickName)
    </div>
    
    <div class="display-field">
        Email: @Html.DisplayFor(model => model.Email)
    </div>
    
    <div class="display-field">
        Age: @Html.DisplayFor(model => model.Age)
    </div>

    <div class="right">
        @Html.DialogFormLink("Edit", Url.Action("EditProfile"), "Edit Profile", "ProfileContainer", Url.Action("Profile"))
    </div>
</fieldset>

The first portion of the partial view just displays the form elements required for editing the model. This is just the stock Edit view modified only slightly. The new code starts at line 25. Here I created an extension method for HtmlHelper named DialogFormLink that will create an anchor tag loaded with all the needed information to make the dialog form work. Here is the code for the extension method. You can read the comments to get an understanding of the parameters it requires.

/// <summary>
/// Creates a link that will open a jQuery UI dialog form.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="htmlHelper"></param>
/// <param name="linkText">The inner text of the anchor element</param>
/// <param name="dialogContentUrl">The url that will return the content to be loaded into the dialog window</param>
/// <param name="dialogTitle">The title to be displayed in the dialog window</param>
/// <param name="updateTargetId">The id of the div that should be updated after the form submission</param>
/// <param name="updateUrl">The url that will return the content to be loaded into the traget div</param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static MvcHtmlString DialogFormLink(this HtmlHelper htmlHelper, string linkText, string dialogContentUrl,
    string dialogId, string dialogTitle, string updateTargetId, string updateUrl)
{
    TagBuilder builder = new TagBuilder("a");
    builder.SetInnerText(linkText);
    builder.Attributes.Add("href", dialogContentUrl);            
    builder.Attributes.Add("data-dialog-title", dialogTitle);
    builder.Attributes.Add("data-update-target-id", updateTargetId);
    builder.Attributes.Add("data-update-url", updateUrl);

    // Add a css class named dialogLink that will be
    // used to identify the anchor tag and to wire up
    // the jQuery functions
    builder.AddCssClass("dialogLink");

    return new MvcHtmlString(builder.ToString());
}   

The above extension method that builds our anchor tag utilizes the HTML5 data attributes to store information such as the title of the dialog window, the url that will return the content of the dialog window, the id of the div to update after the form is submitted, and the url that will update the target div.

Now we need to add the container div to hold the Profile information in the Index view.

@{
    ViewBag.Title = "Home Page";
}

<h2>@ViewBag.Message</h2>

<div id="ProfileContainer">
    @{ Html.RenderAction("Profile"); }
</div>

Lastly, I have listed the scripts and css files that need to be linked below in the _Layout page for everything to work correctly.

<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <title>@ViewBag.Title</title>
    <link href="@Url.Content("~/Content/Site.css")" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
    <link href="@Url.Content("~/Content/themes/base/jquery.ui.all.css")" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
    <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery-1.5.1.min.js")" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/modernizr-1.7.min.js")" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery-ui-1.8.11.min.js")" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery.unobtrusive-ajax.min.js")" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery.validate.min.js")" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.min.js")" type="text/javascript"></script>   
    <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/DialogForm.js")" type="text/javascript"></script>    
</head>

The last script reference above is to a script I wrote called DialogForm.js. This script (shown below) will make everything work.


$(function () {

    // Don't allow browser caching of forms
    $.ajaxSetup({ cache: false });

    // Wire up the click event of any current or future dialog links
    $('.dialogLink').live('click', function () {
        var element = $(this);

        // Retrieve values from the HTML5 data attributes of the link        
        var dialogTitle = element.attr('data-dialog-title');
        var updateTargetId = '#' + element.attr('data-update-target-id');
        var updateUrl = element.attr('data-update-url');

        // Generate a unique id for the dialog div
        var dialogId = 'uniqueName-' + Math.floor(Math.random() * 1000)
        var dialogDiv = "<div id='" + dialogId + "'></div>";

        // Load the form into the dialog div
        $(dialogDiv).load(this.href, function () {
            $(this).dialog({
                modal: true,
                resizable: false,
                title: dialogTitle,
                buttons: {
                    "Save": function () {
                        // Manually submit the form                        
                        var form = $('form', this);
                        $(form).submit();
                    },
                    "Cancel": function () { $(this).dialog('close'); }
                }
            });

            // Enable client side validation
            $.validator.unobtrusive.parse(this);

            // Setup the ajax submit logic
            wireUpForm(this, updateTargetId, updateUrl);
        });
        return false;
    });
});

function wireUpForm(dialog, updateTargetId, updateUrl) {
    $('form', dialog).submit(function () {

        // Do not submit if the form
        // does not pass client side validation
        if (!$(this).valid())
            return false;

        // Client side validation passed, submit the form
        // using the jQuery.ajax form
        $.ajax({
            url: this.action,
            type: this.method,
            data: $(this).serialize(),
            success: function (result) {
                // Check whether the post was successful
                if (result.success) {                    
                    // Close the dialog 
                    $(dialog).dialog('close');

                    // Reload the updated data in the target div
                    $(updateTargetId).load(updateUrl);
                } else {
                    // Reload the dialog to show model errors                    
                    $(dialog).html(result);

                    // Enable client side validation
                    $.validator.unobtrusive.parse(dialog);

                    // Setup the ajax submit logic
                    wireUpForm(dialog, updateTargetId, updateUrl);
                }
            }
        });
        return false;
    });
}

Conclusion

I know that was a lot to take in but after you do the setup once, all you need to do is make one call to Html.DialogFormLink and everything will be taken care of for you. Hope this helps!

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